What Are the Effects of Long Term Usage of Alcohol on Mental Health?

Almost everything has its good and bad aspects. If you use them properly and in a limited quantity, they are not harmful. Whereas, when you do or use anything in excess, it is bound to become harmful; there is a general saying that excess of everything is bad.

Alcohol, as we all know, has been in use for many years. It has been used as a drink and as a drug. But, now it has become a destructing factor for many families and the society over all. It has become a nuisance.

When things are abused instead of being used, they cause many damages. If alcohol is taken in a certain  drug rehab quantity, it has many benefits. It is good for heart diseases and for some other diseases as well. But, its excessive use may even lead to death.

It may cause many permanent and temporary damages to the person himself and his family, as well as the people around him. It completely depends upon the drinking habits. Some people take a few drinks occasionally, which does not cause any harm, if taken in a limited quantity.

Many people are alcohol addicts, just like some people are drug addicts. Researches have shown that, if taken in a small quantity, alcohol helps the brain to release some hormones that relieve anxiety. But, if taken in large quantity, this affect does not take place.

People who become alcohol dependents are generally called alcoholics. A person dependent on alcohol has the same feeling and cravings for more consumption as the drug addicts have for the drugs.

Studies have shown that alcohol causes more than sixty types of diseases. Some of them may be temporary, but some are permanent. Because of intoxication, a person becomes harmful to the people around him, and this often leads to many accidents.

Alcohol abuse causes liver damage and many other physical disorders. There are many mental and psychological problems that a person develops because of alcohol abuse; depression is one of the most common that a person may develop. This depression makes an alcohol isolated from people. In many cases, depression has lead to suicide attempts.

An alcoholic cannot function without alcohol consumption, but when he takes too much, he become intoxicated and cannot achieve his targets. Excessive alcohol consumption leads to brain damage, which in turn causes many neuropsychiatric and Neurological defects.

These defects includes schizophrenia, hypomania, dysthymia, personality disorders, impairment of working memory, major depression, generalized anxiety disorder, impairment of executive functions, impairment of emotion, phobias, impairment of visuospatial abilities, impairment of gait and balance, panic disorder and inclination towards suicide.

The constant dependence on alcohol abuse may also cause brain shrinkage, impairment of brain chemistry and dementia. Not only this, it also stops growth of the brain cells; thus, leading to loss of memory and impairing the learning abilities. Youngsters, who have a history of alcohol abuse, do not show good progress in studies because of their learning disability caused by excessive alcohol consumption.


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